TANZANIA INTRODUCTION

Bordering Kenya and Uganda in East Africa, is Tanzania. Known for its wildlife, mountains,sandy white beaches, friendly people and political stability. From snorkeling or scuba diving off the coasts of the mainland, to the archipelago of Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia, to the highest peak in Africa, cultural villages, learning about the fascinating Maasai, fishing in ancient freshwater lakes or discovering the unique wilderness areas where huge herds of animals roam, Tanzania offers safari seekers an unrivaled and unique experience.. 'KARIBU' is Swahili for 'welcome', and JAMBO?, for, hello! With a wealth of enriching cultures, diverse landscapes and teeming species of wildlife to historical sites and relaxing towns, Tanzania is a vast land of contrasts.

The largest of the three East African Countries, located south of the equator and on the coast of the Indian Ocean Tanzania offers several world renowned attractions including the highest mountain in Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro; in Zanzibar discover idyllic palm-fringed beaches, pristine coral reefs and the historic Stone Town; and famous wildlife sanctuaries that include Ngorongoro Crater and the endless plains of Serengeti National Park.

Wildlife

Tanzania has great national parks, game reserves and conservation areas where varieties of animals, birds and insects call home. In the west, bordering Lake Tanganyika lies the Mahale Mountains National Park and Gombe Stream National Park, home to the chimpanzees, made famous by British explorer Jane Goodall. The Selous Game Reserve to the south is well known for large herds of elephants, and the Mikumi National Park, popular for the education of students studying ecology and conservation. Visit the breathtaking Ngorongoro Crater, worldwide famous conservation area where Maasai herdsmen and wildlife coexist in a natural setting. The Serengeti National Park, renowned for the migration of millions of wild animals on an annual exodus north. This is a spectacular sight to be remembered forever!

Mountains

Mount Kilimanjaro is africa’s highest mountain attracting mountain climbers from all over the world with the challenging slopes, rare glaciers and stunning views of Africa. Ol Donyo Lengai is an active volcano that can be viewed from the top of Mount Meru, located within Arusha National Park.

Beaches

Tanzania has a coastline of white sandy and pristine beaches, almost like no where else to be found in the world. Discover the endless coastline of mainland Tanzania or relax on the historic islands of Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia. Snorkel or scuba dive on the stunning reefs of marine parks and reserves where myriad of colorful fish, turtles and sharks are to be seen.

Lakes

Some of the largest and deepest lakes in the world are in Tanzania. Flocked with large populations of flamingos, storks and herons, the soda lakes of Lake Manyara and Lake Natron are a site to behold. In the west, Lake Tanganyika is the world's second deepest fresh water lake, and in the northwest, is Lake Victoria, by far the largest lake in Africa.

Cultural

Tanzania has a heritage of cultural diversity. The famous Maasai, one of the last pastoral peoples, are said to be very brave and traditionally conservative. More than 120 tribes co-exist, all differing in culture, customs and language. Cultural tours can be arranged to visit local people, either for a short excursion or a longer stay. Learn about medicinal plants, tribal rituals and traditional farming methods.

Historical

Tanzania has long history of tribal, colonial and Arabic habitation. It is said that the mainland portion of what is now Tanzania was named by a British civil servant in 1920, from the Swahili words tanga (sail) and nyika (bright arid plain). At Olduvai Gorge, within Serengeti National Park, pre-historic hominids were discovered to place East Africa as the birth place of mankind. InZanzibar, offers up many sights and sounds reminiscent of ancient Arab slave traders. Whilst in Zanzibar a visit to the House of Wonders is a must! On Tanzania's southern coast explore that ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani where remnants of Swahili civilization on the East African shores are found.

Political

What was known formerly as German East Africa became Tanganyika Territory in 1964 when Tanganyika was joined with Zanzibar, an offshore archipelago of islands, to form the present United Republic of Tanzania. Julius Nyerere (1922–1999), was the first president of Tanzania. At the same time, however, repressive, corrupting influences emanating from the colonial, socialist, and capitalist eras have fostered among many Tanzanians an attitude of dependency and fatalistic resignation that helps keep the country one of the poorest in the world.

Demography.

The current population in Tanzania is approximately 30 million, comprised of indigenous peoples and Pakistani, Indian, Arab, and European subpopulations. There are heavy population concentrations in the urban centers (including Dar es Salaam, Mwanza, Tabora, and Mbeya), in the foothills of Mount Kilimanjaro, and along the coast of Lake Malawi.

Towns and Cities

Tanzania has many lively towns and cities, where there are plenty of activities on offer. Arusha, at the foothills of Mount Meru, is the safari capital of Tanzania where visitors converge, before departing on their journey to the bush or to the mountains. Arusha is also the home to the International Human Rights Tribunal for Rwanda and a future, a centre for the East African Community. Dar es Salaam, the commercial capital of Tanzania boasts a huge natural harbour and other interesting places as reminders of its colourful past. Dodoma, the country's administrative city and where Government meets while the historical town of Tabora was once the meeting point for slave traders, where later became an important mission station. Most of Tanzania's towns and cities thrive on trade and agriculture, but have many interesting sites to fascinate visitors.

Food

Tanzanian diet is largely based on starches such as millet, sorghum, beans, pilaf, and cornmeal. A meal that could be considered the country's national dish is ugali , a stiff dough made of cassava flour, cornmeal (maize), millet, or sorghum, and usually served with a sauce containing either meat, fish, beans, or cooked vegetables. It is typically eaten out of a large bowl that is shared by everyone at the table. Wali (rice) and various samaki (fish) cooked in coconut are the preferred staples for those living in coastal communities. The introduction of various spices by the Arabs is highly evident in a popular coastal dish, pilau . It consists of rice spiced with curry, cinnamon, cumin, hot peppers, and cloves. Matunda (fruits) and mboga (vegetables) such as plantains, similar to the banana, ndizi (bananas), pawpaw (papaya), Chai (tea), the most widely consumed beverage, is typically consumed throughout the day, often while socializing and visiting with friends and family.
No matter what your age there is an exciting Wanderlust for everyone visiting Tanzania.